What is IPM?

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a long-term management strategy that uses a combination of tactics to reduce pests to tolerable levels with potentially lower costs for the pest manager and minimal effect on the environment. The principles of IPM include:

  • Identify pests, their hosts and beneficial organisms before taking action.
  • Establish monitoring guidelines for each pest species.
  • Establish an action threshold for the pest.
  • Evaluate and implement control tactics.
  • Monitor, evaluate and document the results.

IPM can be applied when managing all kinds of pests, including insects, weeds, diseases and vertebrate pests, such as ground squirrels and pigeons. It integrates prevention, cultural practices, mechanical and/or physical pest controls, biological pest controls and chemical pest controls to prevent and suppress pests. The goal of IPM is to reduce the adverse impacts of pest control on human health, the environment and non-target organisms, while managing pests effectively.

The concept of Integrated Pest Management is not new and has been used on field crops and orchards throughout the world. Applying it in urban environments, including home gardens, landscapes and golf courses, presents special challenges. Urban IPM, or pest management programs that incorporate reduced use of pesticides in private and commercial landscapes, golf courses and other urban landscape settings, is a rapidly expanding field that incorporates university and industry research.

 
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desert garden
A Guide to Desert Bioscape
This publication will help the reader understand how to garden more efficiently in the Mojave Desert and in other dry areas. Beautiful yards and landscapes can be created while applying environmentally friendly principles. Putting these principles into use will help conserve water in one of the driest spots on earth.
Robinson, M.L., Johnson, W.S., Post, R.L., and Carlos, W.J. 2004, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, SP-04-12
Flowers are yellow and smaller than dandelion flowers.
A Northern Nevada Homeowner's Guide to Identifying and Managing Prickly Lettuce
This fact sheet provides identification and management methods for the nuisance weed prickly lettuce.
Donaldson, S. and Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-10-28
girl sneezing
Allergenic Plants in Southern Nevada (Landscaping for an allergy free yard)
Many people who move to the Southern Nevada area either come with allergies or develop them after moving here. This publication helps people understand what plants can be allergenic and how to deal with them in the yard or community. The major portion of the publication is a list of common plants found in landscapes.
Robinson, M. L. 2000, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno SP-00-28
hand full of dirt
Assessing Soil Quality
The quality of your soil affects every facet of your landscape, from the plants that will grow to the features that can be constructed. A visual assessment of your soil quality is a good first step in designing or remodeling your landscape. Learn more about assessing soil quality in this factsheet.
Hefner, M., Donaldson, S., and Skelly, J. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-17
Becoming a Desert Gardener
Becoming a Desert Gardener is a comprehensive introduction to gardening in the desert southwest. It covers topics such as soils, fruit & vegetable selection and growing, as well as scheduling garden planting and proper fertilization.
O'Callaghan, A., and Roberts, A. 2001, Extension University of Nevada Reno, SP-01-15
Cleaning Pesticide-Contaminated Clothing / Lavado de Ropa Contaminada por Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the proper way to clean pesticide-contaminated clothing while minimizing pesticide contamination in the home. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-08
Common Tomato Disorders Under Desert Conditions
Tomatoes are one of the most popular plants to grow in vegetable gardens and containers in home gardens. Trying to grow them in the desert climate can be problematic. This fact sheet explores ways to help the home gardener diagnose and correct these disorders.
Mills, L., and Johnson, W. 1988, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-88-60
composting bag
Composting Yard and Vegetable Wastes
Composting is an effective way to take organic materials from landfills and use them to improve soil health. This fact sheet covers the reasons for composting and the basics of getting compost started.
Donaldson, S., and Hefner, Melody 2009, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-16
Constructed Wetlands for Water Filtration: An Introduction to Constructed Wetlands
This publication addresses how to recycle water so it may be used more than once and looks at how both black and gray water can be recycled by applying the same principles that nature uses to clean water. Combination of living plants, good aeration and microorganisms can provide a way to reuse both black and gray water
Robinson, M.L., Franzen, H., Williams, F., and Fulton, E. 2008, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-08-45
Container Gardening
This fact sheet helps the reader choose the best type of container, plant material and potting soil for container gardening. It also covers the care of plants grown in containers. Information is basic and geared toward the new gardener.
Roberts, A. 2000, Extension University of Nevada Reno, FS-00-42
Creating a Community Garden
People who are concerned about food accessibility, variety and safety often consider growing their own vegetables and fruits. Community gardens can provide spaces for growing food and for contact with others living nearby. This publication provides guidance for creating and maintaining community gardens.
O'Callaghan, A. M., Fagin, E., and Robinson, M. L. 2013, Extension University of Nevada Reno, SP-13-07
las vegas garden tended by master gardeners
Creating an Organic Garden in Southern Nevada
The idea of an organic garden can be an attractive idea, yet an intimidating one. This fact sheet guides people in the creation of an organic garden – soils, fertilizers, plant selection, cultural practices, as well as dealing with weed, insect and disease pests.
O'Callaghan, A., and McKie, P. 2004, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-04-72
Date Palm Gardening Guide for Southern Nevada
This publication is a companion to the publication, in Southern Nevada publication. It is a month by month guide to fertilization, pruning, irrigation and other cultural practices for the date palm.
Robinson, M. L. 2002, Extension University of Nevada Reno, FS-02-99
Earwigs
You can expect to find the earwig, a common insect in most Nevada gardens. This fact sheet looks at truth and fiction about this little garden insect. Although they look fearsome, they can be beneficial in the garden as a predator of other insects and as a consumer of decomposing plant material.
McKie, P. and Skelly, J. 2001, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-01-41
Emergency First Aid for Pesticide Poisoning / Primeros Auxilios en caso de una Emergencia de Intoxicación de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes emergency first aid for pesticide poisonings, emergency eye flush procedures and the worker protection standard requirements for decontamination supplies. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-07
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: Como Protegerte Mientras se Aplican los Pesticidas Video
El hecho de protegerte mientras se aplican los pesticidas es muy importante. Según la Agencia a cargo de la Protección Ambiental, un pesticida es cualquier sustancia o mezcla de sustancias destinadas a prevenir, destruir o repeler cualquier plaga.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: El Manejo Segura de Pesticidas Video
En este video, hablaremos sobre el manejo seguro de pesticidas, que incluye cuatro áreas relacionadas con la seguridad: el almacenamiento adecuado de pesticidas, el transporte seguro de pesticidas, la eliminación de pesticidas que no se han utilizado y la eliminación de los contenedores que se usan para los pesticidas
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
Equipo de Protección Personal / Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Esta publicación describe el Equipo de Protección Personal (Personal Protective Equipment) o PPE, cuál es el requisito mínimo de un PPE para la mayoría de los pesticidas, consejos para el uso del PPE y cómo cuidarlo. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-04
kale
Fall Gardening Checklist for Southern Nevada
This publication will help both the novice and the experienced gardener produce many cool season vegetables in their own yards. Fall is one of the best vegetable gardening times of the year in Southern Nevada. This creates the perfect time to grow many different vegetables such as green, root, bulb and cole crops.
Mills, L. and Johnson, W. 1987, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno FS-87-34
bindweed flowers
Field Bindweed - An Attractive Nuisance, and Worse
A pretty plant may still be a weed, and field bindweed is a clear example. This attractive relation of morning glory can invade a landscape, interfering with the growth of desired plants both above and below ground. This fact sheet gives information on avoiding and treating field bindweed.
O'Callaghan, A. and Robinson, M. L. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-20-33
palm tree
Fifty Palms That Are Grown or Should Be Tried in Southern Nevada
Palm trees are an important part of the urban southwest landscape, especially in southern Nevada. Unfortunately, the palm tree landscape palette is limited to under 10 different types of commonly used palms. This publication explores 50 palms that are grown or should be grown in southern Nevada or at least tried.
M. L. Robinson 2010, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-10-64
fruit tree with Fire Blight
Fire Blight
Fire blight is a serious disease of many woody plants, caused by bacteria. It is one of the few that can affect trees and shrubs in the Mojave. Because it is bacterial, there are few commercial products available to control it. This publication guides residents in recognizing and dealing with fire blight.
Skelly, J., and O'Callaghan, A. 2001, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-01-56
Green Fountain Grass
Green Fountain Grass
Too often, attractive plants that we bring into the landscape from other regions turn out to be just too successful. They usually have no natural enemies in the new area, so they are able to thrive. They appear in wild areas and begin to out-compete native plants. One of these is green fountain grass.
O'Callaghan, A. M., and Robinson, ML 2014, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-14-11
Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
A Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management is designed to help green industry personnel understand IPM and to aid in implementing a pest control plan.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. 2017, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension SP-17-14
planting hops in nevada
Growing Hops in Southern Nevada
Hops are mainly used for brewing beer. The perceived bitterness in an Indian Pale Ale is derived from the hops themselves. Hops can also impart other flavors into beers, such as fruity, citrusy, or spicy notes. However, hops can serve other purposes as well.
Wynne, T., O’Callaghan, A., and Jeff Anderson, O. 2017, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet FS-17-05
pomegranate
Growing Pomegranates in Southern Nevada
Pomegranates are a delicious fruit that grows well in the Mojave Desert. This publication gives needed guidance to people who wish to grow their own.
Crites, A. M., Robison, G. D. and Mills, L. 2004, Extension University of Nevada, Reno FS-04-76
Growing Tomatoes in Southern Nevada
Tomatoes are among the first vegetables people try to grow in home vegetable gardens. This is an introduction to growing tomatoes by seed or tomato starts bought at a nursery. It also covers the basic care of the tomato plant through the growing season.
Roberts, A. 1999, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-99-11
Hardening Off Plants
When plants are taken from a sheltered environment, like a home or a nursery, it is important that they be given the chance to become accustomed to the new one. This fact sheet gives gardeners the information they need to help plants successfully make the transition.
Davis, R., and O'Callaghan, A. 2003, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-03-71
Home Vegetable Production in Southern Nevada
The Home Vegetable Production fact sheet was written to aid people who wish to grow their own food, but may be intimidated by Southern Nevada’s environment. It gives info on planting times, appropriate plants for this region, and ways to deal with problems gardeners may face.
O'Callaghan, A. M. 2002, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-02-61
Dormant Oil spraying
Horticultural Oils – What a Gardener Needs to Know
Horticultural oils are pesticides that control insects, mites and some plant diseases. They are specifically designed to control plant pests. Commercially available horticultural oils are highly refined petroleum products that are filtered and distilled to remove compounds that can harm plants.
Skelly, J. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-20
How Pesticides Enter Your Body / Cómo los Pesticidas entran en tu Cuerpo
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the different ways pesticides can enter the body and the signs and symptoms of pesticide poisoning. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-05
Insect Management
Applying IPM strategies: Insect control can be split into these five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Introduction to Houseplants
This short fact sheet gives the reader a better understanding of the basic requirements for success in growing houseplants it includes recommendations for indoor plants that perform well in the desert Southwest.
Roberts, A., and Robinson, M. L. 1998, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-98-91
Irrigating (Watering) Your Vegetable Garden
Irrigation is an essential practice for people growing vegetables in dry climates. This fact sheet explains uses of different types of irrigation and how to determine when it is necessary.
Kratsch, H. 2010, Extension University of Nevada, Reno, FS-10-16
Macrosiphum rosae, the rose aphid.
Know Nevada Insects: Aphids
This publication explains the biology and general management of aphids, one of the most common garden pests in Nevada. There are many alternatives to chemicals when treating aphids, including using native predators and protecting plants with lightweight physical covers.
Burls, K. and H. Kratsch 2020, University of Nevada, Reno, FS 20-30
Sphinx Moth
Know Nevada Insects: Sphinx Moth
This publication reviews the biology of caterpillars commonly called hornworms, including the tomato hornworm, Manduca quinquemaculata, which can be a common pest of tomato plants in Nevada. Integrated pest management techniques for controlling caterpillars are also discussed.
Kevin Burls and Joy Newton 2019, Extension | University of Nevada FS 19-16
lantana
Lantana: An Attractive Shrub for Desert Landscapes
Lantana is widely used in Southern Nevada landscaping. This fact sheet is for those who wish to use this plant, what varieties are available, and how to grow it successfully. It also gives information on what adult butterflies are attracted to this plant.
O'Callaghan, A. 2007, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-07-40
Lavado de Ropa Contaminada por Pesticidas / Cleaning Pesticide-Contaminated Clothing
Esta publicación describe la manera correcta de cómo se debe limpiar la ropa contaminada con pesticidas, y al mismo tiempo cómo reducir la contaminación de pesticidas en el hogar. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheets FS-20-08
Managing and Reporting Pesticide Spills / Manejo y Reporte de Derrames de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes dealing with pesticide spills, what materials should be in a spill kit, how to dispose of spill materials and how to report a pesticide spill. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Fact Sheet FS-20-01
Manejo y Reporte de Derrames de Pesticidas / Managing and Reporting Pesticide Spills
Esta publicación describe cómo se debe tratar los derrames de pesticidas, qué materiales deben estar en un kit en caso de derrames, cómo desechar los materiales de derrame y cómo reportar un derrame de pesticidas. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-01
Shredded wood or bark can be a useful organic mulch.
Mulches for Nevada Landscapes
All plants benefit from some kind of mulch. The type of plant determines what kind of mulch. This fact sheet explains what type to use and how to apply it.
O'Callaghan, A. M. 2006, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-06-10
Native Plant Gardens for Native Pollinators: Workshop and Plant Giveaway
This workshop will cover the fascinating ecology of our native pollinators and how to use native plants to provide critical habitat for them and pest control services for you. In addition, there will be a plant giveaway at the end of the workshop!
Burls, K.J. and H. Kratsch 2020, University of Nevada, Reno, Event Calendar
Nevada Integrated Pest Management Continuing Education Unit Course
Directions on how to use navigate and the online course for the Nevada Integrated Pest Management Continuing Education Unit (CEU)
Hefner, M. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
scottish thistle
Nevada Nuisance Weeds Field Guide
The plants listed in this field guide are nuisance weeds, those that are troublesome, but have not been listed by the state as noxious weeds.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. 2018, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension SP-18-02
Nevada Pesticide Applicators Certification Workbook
Resource for professionals studying the application of pesticides.
Hefner, M., 2018, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. SP
Gypsum
Nevada Soil Amendment Myths
While many common soil amendments are beneficial when added to soil in the southeastern or northeastern United States or the Pacific Northwest, they are not appropriate for soils in the arid West. They can be detrimental to our soils and water bodies and are, at the very least, a waste of time, effort and money.
Hefner, M. and Skelly, J. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-15
Non-Chemical Rodent Control
Rodents are one of the main pests in urban areas, and can cause various problems in homes and businesses.This publication focuses on ways to manage rodent populations in the urban setting without using common chemical products. It explores aspects of exclusion, trapping and other environmentally friendly practices.
Kerns, W. A., Robinson, M. L., and Ryan, M. 2002, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-02-10
Palm fond
Palm Problems That Aren't
Many people are not familiar with growing palm trees and make observations that they think are abnormal in the palms growth and appearance. This publication addresses these symptoms, perceived problem and explanation of what is actually occurring in the Palm. It is also an easy guide for the professional and homeowner.
Robinson, M. L., and O'Callaghan, A. 2010, Extension University of Nevada Reno, FS-10-72
Perennials in the Garden
Perennials are plants that live longer than one growing season. Some are called short lived perennials and only survive a few years in the garden. Others are longer lived and last 5 to 10 years or longer.This fact sheet helps the gardener choose correct perennials for their yards, and also goes over cultural practices.
Roberts, A., and Robinson, M. L. 1998, Extension University of Nevada Reno, FS-98-93
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) / Equipo de Protección Personal
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes Personal Protective Equipment or PPE, what the minimum PPE requirement is for most pesticides, tips for using PPE and how to care for PPE. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-04
Pesticide Risk Assessment: Understanding Signal Words on Pesticide Labels
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assesses risk by looking at the toxicity of the pesticide and the likelihood that you will be exposed to that pesticide. The following information will help you understand and reduce risks when using pesticides.
Donaldson, S. and Hefner, M. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-37
spills
Pesticide Safety Training: Dealing with Pesticide Spills Video
This video discusses publication describes dealing with pesticide spills, what materials should be in a spill kit, how to dispose of spill materials and how to report a pesticide spill.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
box of pesticide
Pesticide Safety Training: Handling Pesticides Safely Video
This video discusses handling pesticides safely, which includes four areas of safety: properly storing pesticides, safely transporting pesticides, disposing of unused pesticides, and disposing of pesticide containers.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
spills
Pesticide Safety Training: Keeping Yourself Safe during Pesticide Applications Video
This video discusses how pesticides enter the body, first aid for pesticide exposure, the differences between pesticide poisoning and heat-related illness, and preventing heat-related illnesses.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
what to wear
Pesticide Safety Training: Protecting Yourself While Applying Pesticides – Using Personal Protective Equipment Video
Protecting yourself while applying pesticides is important. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, a pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy or repel any pest. Simply put, pesticides are substances intended to kill pests!
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
pets
Pets and Pesticide Use
Pets are an important part of our lives. The animals that share our homes, yards and properties rely on us for protection and safety. Some pesticide products used in and around our homes, in our yards and on our lawns can harm our pets and other domestic animals if not used properly.
Donaldson, S., Hefner, M., and Moses, C. 2010, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, FS-10-06
Pigeons
Pigeons are one of the biggest avian pest problems in any urban setting, including the desert southwest. They can carry disease and insects that can affect humans that live nearby. The special publication helps better understand pigeons and alternative forms of management.
Kerns, W. A., Robinson, M. L., and Ryan, M. 2002, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-02-11
Plant Annuals for Color
In southern Nevada different annuals can be planted throughout the year to add color and variety to the landscape. There are fall, winter and spring annuals that thrive, and there are a few summer annuals that try to survive the summer heat. This fact sheet gives tips for using and growing annuals in home landscapes.
Roberts, A., and Robinson, M. L. 1998, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-98-94
Plant Disease Management
Plant disease management, like most pest management, is based on several important principles. These are the basic principles of plant disease management
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Primeros Auxilios en caso de una Emergencia de Intoxicación de Pesticidas / Emergency First Aid for Pesticide Poisoning
Esta publicación describe los primeros auxilios en caso de emergencia de las intoxicaciones por causa de pesticidas y procedimientos de enjuague de ojos en caso de emergencia. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-02-07
Principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
An outline of the principles and best practices of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Protecting Pollinators/ Protegiendo a los Polinizadores
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes how to protect pollinators during a pesticide application. It also describes native bees and provides additional resources for information. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-10
Protegiendo a los Polinizadores / Protecting Pollinators
Esta publicación describe cómo proteger a los polinizadores durante la aplicación de pesticidas. También describe a las abejas nativas y proporciona recursos adicionales para obtener mayor información. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-10
Pruning Desert Shrubs
Pruning Desert Shrubs in Southern Nevada-Type Climates
This publication is a guide to correct pruning of desert and desert adapted shrubs in the landscape. It details how to prune and why correct pruning is important to the health and beauty of the plants.
Robinson, M.L., O'Callaghan, A., and Anderson, J. 2014, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-14-13
Pruning Palm Trees
Palm trees are one of the most dominant plant materials found in the landscapes of southern Nevada and the desert Southwest. Unfortunately, most palm trees are incorrectly pruned by homeowners and commercial landscape maintenance companies. This publication explains why and how palm trees should be correctly pruned.
Robinson, M. L. 2004, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-04-16
Tomatoes showing blossom end rot.
Recognizing Plant Nutrient Deficiencies
There are 14 essential nutrients for plants, and when plants lacks one, it displays certain symptoms. This fact sheet explains how essential nutrients act in plants, and the symptoms of deficiencies.
O'Callaghan, A. 2002, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-02-65
tree blossoming in orchard
Research Orchard Fruit Evaluations & Recommendations for Southern Nevada - 2020
This publication is for both the homeowner and small commercial grower. The information contained has been gathered over years of research trials and observations of various types of fruit trees and vines growing at the University of Nevada, Reno Research Orchard. It is a handy guide for buying fruit trees and vines.
Robinson, M.L., O'Callaghan, A., and Ruskamp, L. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, SP-20-07
nematode
Root-Knot Nematode
Root knot nematode is a microscopic roundworm that attacks the roots of many garden plants, killing them. They are not easy to control, but this fact sheet gives guidance for the homeowner.
O’Callaghan, A., Robinson, M.L., and Haas, S. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-20-24
Russian Knapweed Control Trial 2013-2015, Pershing County
A document of effective ways to maintain and control Russian Knapweed crops.
Foster, S., and Schultz, B. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, PS-16-04
stink bug
Squash Bug Control in Home Gardens
Squash bugs are a nightmare for anyone growing cucumbers, melons or squash. These insects are highly prolific and can destroy plants in that family. This publication tells home gardeners how to recognize these bugs and control them.
Skelly, J. 2008, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-08-22
Starting A Worm Farm
Worms are one of the most helpful insects in our gardens. They aerate the soil, add to the soil nutrition, and they can help recycle vegetable and other green waste as part of the composting process. This informative fact sheet will help the reader set up a worm farm in the backyard.
Robinson, M. L., and Rider, M. 2000, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-00-26
Storing Pesticides Safely/ Almacenamiento Seguro de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the proper way to store pesticides safely and how to dispose of unwanted pesticides. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-03
The Date Palm in Southern Nevada
The true date palm, Phoenix dactylifera grows in the desert region and is one of the most popular landscape plants for homes and is uniquely adapted for fruit production and ornamental purposes. This publication focuses on growing the date palm in home and commercial landscapes as well as how to produce edible dates.
Robinson, M. L., Brown, B., and Williams, C. F. 2002, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, SP-02-12
The Plant Death Spiral
This short publication can be used as a handy guide to identify what caused your tree or shrub to die in your landscape.
Johnson, W.S., Robinson, M.L., and Post, R.L. 1998, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-98-59
Tips for a Healthy Lawn
Follow these tips to conserve water, crowd out weeds, and grow a thick, green lawn.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Building a Healthy Soil
Soil is the foundation for your plants. Focus on building a healthy soil, and your plants will benefit.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Healthy Landscape Trees
A mature tree adds value, shade and beauty to the landscape. Keep trees healthy by following these tips:
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Lower-risk Pest Control
Products are available that have less risk to the user and others. Select these whenever appropriate.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP
Tips for Managing Insect Pests in the Landscape
Did you know that 99% of all insects are not harmful to you or your landscape? Determine which insects are helpful and head head off insect pests by following these tips:
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP.
Tips for Managing Weeds
Use these tips to manage weeds and grow healthy, thriving plants in your yard
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Using Pesticides Safely
Remember, pesticides are designed to kill or repel pests. Keep yourself, your family and your pets safe by following these tips.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Transporte de Pesticidas de forma Segura / Transporting Pesticides Safely
Esta publicación describe cómo se debe transportar los pesticidas de manera segura, y cómo y cuándo reportar los derrames de pesticidas. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-02
Transporting Pesticides Safely / Transporte de Pesticidas de forma Segura
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes how to transport pesticides safely and how and when to report pesticide spills. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno Fact Sheets FS-20-02
Turfgrasses for Urban Mojave Desert Landscapes
Turfgrass sod in urban areas and communities can aid in the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, mitigating the heat island effect, reducing energy consumption and contributing to efforts to reduce global warming trends.
Morris, B., and Devitt, D. 2011, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-52
Using Pesticides Safely
Whether one is a commercial pesticide applicator or homeowner safely spraying a few pests in their yard safety is a priority. This publication highlights safety practices that will help the pesticide applicator manage pest problems without contaminating the environment or causing harm to themselves, family or pets.
Johnson, W.S., Post, R., Carlos, W., Post, E., and Robinson, M.L. 2000, Extension, University of Nevada Reno, FS-00-19
Using Preemergence Herbicides for Weed Control in the Home Landscape
Practical tips for using preemergence herbicides correctly in the home landscape, including how preemergence herbicides work and risks to consider when making a preemergence herbicide application. A list of common preemergence products is included.
Donaldson, S. and Skelly, J. 2011, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 11-67
Venomous Reptiles of Nevada (2007)
Nevada is home to six venomous snakes and one venomous lizard. This publication is designed to be used in the classroom and in the field and explores each rattlesnake species and the one lizard species in depth. Included is information about habits, features, size and where in the state they live.
Robinson, M.L., Conrad, P.M., and Ryan M.M. 2007, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, SP-07-07
Venomous Reptiles of Nevada (2020)
Venomous Reptiles of Nevada - This is an updated and expanded publication based on previous extension publications. It is intended to be used as reference material in the classroom, as well as in the field. Photographs and other materials have been upgraded to make identification more precise.
Jones, J., Robinson, M. L., McKeever, B., and O'Callaghan, A. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension, SP-20-13
Vertebrate Pest Management
Vertebrate pests include animals with a backbone, such as ground squirrels, mice and pigeons.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Viewpoint: An alternative Management Paradigm for Plant Communities Affected by Invasive Annual Grasses in the Intermountain West.
Today’s landscapes are not those described in 1860. With over 400,000 km2 colonized by cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) and other annual grasses, we believe it is time to declare: The pristine-management-paradigm has failed. Continued, wholesale application of this concept is misguided.
Perryman, B. L., Schultz, B. W., Mcadoo, J. K., Alverts, B., Cervantes, J. C., Foster, S., McCuin, G., Swanson, S. R. 2018, Rangelands. 40:77-82.
Weed Management
As with all pest management, it is essential to identify the pest before taking action. Most effective weed management plans include several control strategies. Weed control can be divided into five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
What to Consider Before Using Soil Sterilant or “Bare-ground” Herbicides
This fact sheet contains information on things to consider before using soil sterilant or “Bare-ground” herbicides so that gardeners, landowners or property managers are awake of the effects before using the herbicides. Learn about the properties of soil sterilants, sample label language, and many more.
Skelly, J. and Donaldson, S. 2011, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-69

Learn more about the program's team

Melody Hefner
Program Leader & Contact
Heidi Kratsch
Program Leader
Maninder K. Walia
Program Leader & Contact
Kevin Burls
Program Contact
Wendy Hanson Mazet
Program Contact
 

Extension Director's Office | On the campus of University of Nevada, Reno