Practical forage and food crops advice you can trust

Providing the latest science-based information, programs and training about forage and food crop production in Nevada.

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All Forage & Food Crop Programs

cattle feeding at UNR's Main Station Ranch

Agricultural Outlook (Nevada)

Provide agricultural stakeholders with a concise evaluation of current market conditions, expected trends in crop and livestock income potential and management implications.

range cow

Agriculture: Living Beyond a Pandemic

Weekly updates and expertise to assist agriculturists in making management and production decisions for future viability.

Amilton de Mello in Winnemucca

Cattlemen's Update

Cattlemen’s Update is Extension’s annual educational program offered for beef cattle producers to learn about issues affecting profitability and product quality in the Great Basin region.

Master Gardener taking grape inspection notes on a clipboard

Center for Urban Water Conservation

Researching new varieties of fruit producing trees, vines and other plant materials in sustainable ways for the Mojave Desert climate.

campfire coffee cb

Coffee Shop email helps ranchers make money

Extension’s coffee shop is a national subscription email designed to provide a two-way communication network for livestock producers. The question-and-answer service provides answers to livestock production and marketing questions.

people harvesting prickly pear fruits

Experimental Opuntia Plot

Prickly pear cactus (Optunia) could be used for food for animals and humans and for biofuel. To learn more, Nevada Agricultural Experiment Station and Extension are partnering to test three different species of prickly pear cactus under three different irrigation regimes. The research is being conducted in a large experimental cactus garden located at Extension, Clark County's Logandale Office. The garden is always open for self-guided tours.

hoop house workshop cb

Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program

The purpose of Nevada’s Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP) is to improve the ability of Native American farmers and ranchers to manage their agricultural enterprises effectively, efficiently and profitably.

people learning to identify a tree

Green Industry Training

A workforce development program to train green industry professionals, who receive continuing education units for pesticide applicator, ISA-certified arborist and Qualified Water Efficient Landscaper

hands holding freshly picked carrots

Grow Your Own, Nevada!

Learn the secrets of high desert gardening

heifers grazing in field

Herds & Harvest Program - Nevada Beginning Farmer and Rancher Project

Developing educational courses, workshops, technical assistance, business advice and mentoring support network for Nevada agricultural producers who are beginning or diversify a farm or ranch operation.

man applying pesticide

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management program is a long-term management strategy that uses a combination of tactics to reduce pests to tolerable levels with potentially lower costs for the pest manager and minimal effect on the environment.

Dry lake bed

Living with Drought

The program connects stakeholders with drought status information, essential research, and tools that can be used to help address and assess the impacts of drought in Nevada.

Master gardeners planting seedlings

Master Gardener Native Plants Demonstration Garden

Members of the Master Gardeners of Washoe County's Native Plants Committee maintain a small demonstration garden on the west side of Extension, Washoe County Office.

gathering herbs

Master Gardeners of Clark County

Serving Clark, Lincoln and Southern Nye counties gardening needs.

Master Gardeners at tabling event

Master Gardeners of Nevada

Program trains local gardeners to provide research-based horticulture information to Nevadans

master gardeners in garden

Master Gardeners of Washoe County

Master Gardeners provide free, research-based horticulture information to Nevadans.

pesticide traing cb

Pesticide Safety Education Program

Extension’s Pesticide Safety Education Program provides web-based training for pesticide applicators seeking to apply restricted and general use pesticides safely, properly and according to the law. Pesticide licensure and certification is administered by the Nevada Department of Agriculture.

risk management class

Risk Management Education

Extension develops and delivers a comprehensive risk management education program to livestock and forage producers in Nevada.

Soybean Production in Nevada cb

Soybean Production in Nevada

Extension research shows that soybeans may have potential as a low-water-use alternative crop in alfalfa in Nevada. Alfalfa is one of the most grown crops in Nevada. Since Nevada is the driest state in the country, it is critical to identify profitable low-water-use crops, like the soybean.

Alfalfa

Sustainable Agricultural Practices Program

Extension conducts several sustainable agriculture programs including researching alternative crops, introducing sustainable biodiversity/multiple use of rangelands, and increasing the number of pest control materials labeled in and increasing the knowledge and implementation rate of Integrated Pest Management practices in Nevada.

teff field in fallon nevada

Teff Crop Production

The purpose of this program is to introduce Nevada farmers to and help train them in the cultivation of teff, a small-seeded grain and forage crop that requires less water than alfalfa and can be more profitable.

Greenhouse Project

The Greenhouse Project

The Greenhouse Project serves as a teaching facility for hands on programs at the Carson City High School. Students help to cultivate and distribute vegetables and herbs for culinary classes and community food ban.

cheatgrass and flixweed

Weed Prevention & Management

Integrated weed management is based on economically viable and environmentally friendly weed management tactics that combine use of herbicides with other control tactics, such as mowing, burning, tillage, grazing and re-vegetation. By taking steps to prevent weed invasion, land owners/managers and other stakeholders can avoid the economic and environmental impacts of noxious and invasive weeds.

Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training cb

Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training

The Weed Warriors program tackles the growing problem of weeds on public and private land.

community gardening program

Youth Horticulture Education Program

Youth Horticulture Education Program is the premier program of horticulture projects that involve youth, families and educators.

Crop Related News Articles, Fact Sheets, Reports...

 
A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Hare Barley
Guide to identifying and managing Hare barley.
Donaldson, S., Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno FS-10-26
A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Kochia
Guide to identifying and managing Kochia that when mature, grows into a Christmas tree -shaped plant 1 to 6 feet tall.
Donaldson, S., Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno FS-10-27
A Northern Nevada Homeowner’s Guide to Identifying and Managing Redroot Pigweed
Guide to Identifying and Managing Redroot Pigweed, a common source of late-summer allergies.
Donaldson, S., Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno FS-10-29
A Precision Agriculture Fertilization Program for Alfalfa Hay Production: Will it Pay for Itself?
For purposes of this paper, PA involves a global positioning system, site-specific soil testing at regular grid locations and variable-rate technology for fertilizer application.
Breazeale, D. 2007, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Aboriginal precedent for active management of sagebrush-perennial grass communities in the Great Basin. McAdoo, J.K., Schultz, B.W., and Swanson, S.R. 2013, Rangeland Ecology and Management. 66:241-253.
Adding Value to Agriculture: Branding and Certification
In order for consumers to be able to identify certified products from those that are uncertified, it is essential that the certified products carry a label that states the qualifications the product has met. The increased demand for labeled products is also a result of increased disposable income.
Cowee, M. and Curtis, K. 2005, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Agriculture is a Good Fit in Floodplains
The floodplain plays a vital role in the safety of our community and downstream communities when large rain-on-snow floods occur, about every 15 or 20 years. Learn more about agricultural land use and communities mistakes involving floodplain in this factsheet.
Cobourn J. and Lewis S. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-69
Agritourism: Opportunity for Farm Diversification in Nevada
The majority of farmers choose agritourism enterprises to develop an additional source of income to their traditional agricultural practices. In turn, many small-scale farmers, due to economies of scale have been forced out of the industry completely or have found alternative sources of revenue.
Curtis, K. and Monson, J. 2005, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Alfalfa for Beef Cows
Optimizing a ranch’s feed resources often requires strategic supplementation of standing forage with a processed protein, energy or mineral product. However, protein and energy supplements do not necessarily have to come out of a sack.
Foster, S. McCuin, G., Nelson, D., Schultz, B., and Torell, R. 2009, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Alfalfa Variety Trial in Western Nevada, Initial Results
Alfalfa is the most extensive crop in Nevada. The majority of alfalfa fields in western Nevada are harvested three to four times annually. This production system is dependent on dormant alfalfa varieties that cease growth during the winter months. These types of alfalfa varieties can be classified according to fall dormancy and winter survival ratings. In western Nevada the most commonly planted alfalfa varieties have a fall dormancy rating of 4 to 5 with an occasional 6. Yet, these varieties are normally very winter hardy, with ratings of 1 to 2. The alfalfa varieties evaluated in this study included one fall dormancy rating 3, eight with a fall dormancy rating of 4, six with a fall dormancy rating of 5 and one with a fall dormancy rating of 6. All of the tested alfalfa varieties produced heavy yields in this evaluation. Producers reviewing these results should look at relative yields of each variety in combination with other factors.
Davison, J., Solomon, J. and Lawry, T. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
An Overview of Agricultural Production and Agricultural Water Use in Humboldt County, Nevada, and the Risk From Withdrawing Irrigation Water
Agriculture is an important economic sector in Humboldt County, Nevada. There are over 350 farms and ranches in the county that operate on over 808,000 acres. Sales from agricultural products totaled just over $135 million in 2012 (last census of agriculture).
Schultz, B. 2017, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Benefits of cover crops.
Cover crops benefits on soil health, pest pressure, following crops in rotation.
Walia, M.K. 2019, University of Nevada, Reno, Extension, FS-19-11
Biomass Production of 15 Teff Varieties Grown in Churchill County, Nevada During 2009
The amount of teff produced in the United States is increasing rapidly due to the plant’s popularity as an especially nutritious grain and as high-quality horse hay. The word teff means “lost” because teff seed is the smallest grain in the world, and if you drop it on the ground it will be lost.
Davison, J. and Laca, M. 2010, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
vegetables in water for regrowing
Bring vegetable growing indoors this winter
Using kitchen vegetable cuttings to regrow indoors.
Fisher, J. 2018, Reno Gazette Journal
Buying Local: Perceptions of High-End Chefs in Nevada
According to the National Restaurant Association (NRA), Nevada’s restaurant industry is expected to experience the fastest growth of any state in the U.S., in terms of jobs and sales, between 2009 and 2019. This fact sheet provides an overview of the results of the survey.
Cowee, M., Curtis, K., Gatzke, H., and Morris, R. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-41
close up of plant
Certified Nursery Workers, Spring 2020
Certified Nursery Worker Professional List, Spring 2020 Class
Morris, C. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Bulletin
Churchill County Alfalfa Hay Establishment, Production Costs and Returns, 2004
This publication is intended to be a guid, used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, and prepare business and marketing plans. Practices described are based on the production practices considered typical for this crop and region, but may not apply to every situation.
Curtis, K., Davison, J., MacDougall, B., and Riggs, W. 2004, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Corn Variety Trial 2012, Pershing County
Alfalfa hay remains by far the most important crop, in terms of both acres harvested and value of production (Foster 2010). Small grains typically are grown for hay and are a rotational crop during the year(s) after an alfalfa field has been removed and when it is replanted.
Foster, S., and Davison, J. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Costs and Returns of Pomegranate Production in Southern Nevada
This publication is intended as a guide for potential growers interested in pomegranate production, as pomegranates are becoming highly marketable. The pomegranate serves as both a fruit crop and an ornamental and is well suited to the soils and climate of southern Nevada (Robison, 1981).
Bishop, C. 2015, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Cover effects of mowing Wyoming big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentate ssp. Wyomingensis) in Nevada. Swanson, S., Swanson, J., Murphy, P., McAdoo, K., and Schultz, B. 2016, Rangeland Ecology and Management.
Crop and Resource Use Needs Assessment Survey
Survey to determine crop and resource use needs within our state and work to bring programming and/or resources to help address those needs or issues.
Walia, M 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno
Curlleaf Mountain Mahogany. Schultz, B.W. 2009, Cox, M., et al. Habitat Guidelines for Mule Deer: Intermountain West Region. Mule Deer Working Group. Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. Pages 26-27.
Date Palm Gardening Guide for Southern Nevada
This publication is a companion to the publication, in Southern Nevada publication. It is a month by month guide to fertilization, pruning, irrigation and other cultural practices for the date palm.
Robinson, M. L. 2002, Extension University of Nevada Reno, FS-02-99
Determining Profitability of Alternative Crops
There are many alternative crops to consider. Evaluating which alternative crop or crops will be the best fit for a producer can be a daunting task. This fact sheet breaks down the process to a step-by-step review of individual crops to gauge which crops may be the most successful for a given producer.
Bishop, C., and Emm, S. 2013, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Developing a Local Food Industry in Nevada
There is unfulfilled demand for local food in Nevada. This demand can be filled by addressing a series of gaps in knowledge and logistics that prevent a larger scale of production and supply of local food and by educating the market that the products they desire can be grown in the desert.
Gatzke, H. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Differential Herbicide Effectiveness on Adjacent Populations of Young (Seedling) and Mature Perennial Pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium). Schultz, B.W. 2011, Journal of NACAA. 4:2.
Do Producers and Horse Owners Agree on Important Characteristics of Cool Season Hays?
Lack of appropriate production contracts and the subjectivity of current pricing controlled by buyers have created a need for expanded markets and new pricing techniques. The Nevada climate and soil conditions are conducive to the production of highquality alfalfa and specialty hays, such as cool season hays.
Cirelli, A., Cowee, M., Curtis, K., and Riggs, W. 2007, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Donating the Harvest Andrews, A. and Morrow, L. 2014, Reno Gazette-Journal
cactus
Eating Cactus: Prickly Pear for Food
Documentation about prickly pear fruit such as harvesting and preparing, prickly pear pads, nutrition, and recipes.
Bishop, C., and McMurray, B. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Fact Sheet-16-09
Enterprise Budget, Conventional Alfalfa Hay Pershing County, Nevada
The enterprise budget estimates the typical costs of establishing alfalfa hay in Pershing County, Nev., (specifically in the Lovelock Valley area). It should be used as a guide to estimate costs and returns for conventional alfalfa hay (non Roundup-Ready) establishment and production.
Foster, S. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Enterprise Budget, Corn Production Pershing County, Nevada
An enterprise budget provides the best means to evaluate the potential profitability for a given enterprise or farm income source. Developing an enterprise budget allows an operator to identify typical costs, both variable and fixed, and probable returns associated with the production and marketing of a product.
Foster, S. 2013, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Enterprise Budget, Roundup Ready Alfalfa Hay Pershing County, Nevada
Pershing County has approximately 36,900 acres of alfalfa production, with an approximate value of $37 million. (Foster, 2010) It should be used as a guide to estimate costs and returns for RR alfalfa hay establishment and production.
Foster, S. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Evaluating the Potential of an Alternative Crop
This fact sheet provides guidance concerning the most critical questions that must be answered by a producer before an alternative crop is planted.
Davison, J. 2002, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Evaluation of dry peas (Pisum sativum L.) varieties for seedling vigor indices in eastern Montana.
Dry peas variety
Walia, M.K., Mohammed, Y.A., and Chen, C. 2017, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 48 (22):2652-2662.
Evaluation of Food
Evaluation of Food Action Planning Committee Meeting and Urban Agriculture and Food Sustainability Forum, August 23-24, 2017 Buffington, A., and Bosket, C. 2017, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-18-01
Evaluation of Several Tomato Varieties’ Resistance to Beet Curly Top Virus Grown Under High Tunnels and in the Field
The purpose of the project was to test two hypotheses: 1) Incidence of Beet Curly Top Virus (BCTV) is reduced in organic fresh market tomatoes grown under high tunnels, and 2) The use of locally developed BCTV-resistant plants reduces the incidence of BCTV in high-tunnel and field-grown organic fresh market tomatoes.
Davison, J., and Lattin, R. 2015, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
kale
Fall Gardening Checklist for Southern Nevada
This publication will help both the novice and the experienced gardener produce many cool season vegetables in their own yards. Fall is one of the best vegetable gardening times of the year in Southern Nevada. This creates the perfect time to grow many different vegetables such as green, root, bulb and cole crops.
Mills, L. and Johnson, W. 1987, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno FS-87-34
Fall Vegetable Production On Small Acreage in Desert Climates Costs and Returns, 2012
This publication presents sample costs and returns to produce fall vegetables on small acreages in Nevada. It is intended to be a guide, used to make production decisions, determine potential returns and prepare business and marketing plans.
Bishop, C. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Fall-Grazing and Grazing-Exclusion Effects on Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Seed Bank Assays in Nevada, United States
Assessment of cheatgrass seed bank characteristics under fall-grazing by cattle and grazing exclusion treatments
BL Perryman, BW Schultz, M Burrows, T Shenkorua, J Wilker 2020, Rangeland Ecology & Management
bag of fertilizer
Fertilizing Your Vegetable Garden
This publication offers practical information on plant nutrients, different types of plant fertilizers, and how to apply fertilizers in the vegetable garden.
Kratsch, Heidi 2010, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 10-68
Food Safety in the Edible Garden Andrews, A. 2016, Reno Gazette-Journal
Food Safety in the Garden Andrews, A. and Morrow, L. 2014, Reno Gazette-Journal
Frothy bloat (primary ruminal tympany) potential and nutrient content of Forage Kochia (Brassia prostrata L.). Teshome, S.A., Faciola, A., Schultz, B., and Perryman, B. 2015, Journal of Arid Lands Studies. 25-3: 177-180.
Fruit, Flower and Seed Vegetable Varieties for the Moapa and Virgin Valleys
The purpose of this publication is to emphasize the selected vegetable varieties or cultivars (seeds/plants) that may perform better than others in the Moapa and Virgin Valleys.
Bishop, C. and Stoesser, D. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-05
Getting Started with a Vegetable Garden
Practical information on getting started with a vegetable garden, including easy to grow vegetables for beginners and planting dates for Nevada.
Kratsch, H., Allen, L., Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 10-15
Getting Started with Backyard Fruit Trees in Northern Nevada
Practical advice for getting started with backyard fruit trees, including selection tips, pruning tips, chill requirements and lists of fruit trees varieties that grow well in northern Nevada, including apple, pear, cherry, plum, peach and apricot varieties.
Kratsch, H. and Hanson Mazet, W. 2014, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 14-14
Good Agricultural Practices and Good Handling Practices: Water Use in Horticultural Systems
Good agricultural practices (GAPs) and good handling practices (GHPs) encompass management practices producers, growers and packers of fresh produce should follow to minimize contamination of their product. This publication covers those practices related to water use.
Urbanowitz, S. 2013, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Good Food Can Be Hard to Find Andrews, A. 2016, Reno Gazette-Journal
Grain Production of 15 Teff Varieties Grown in Churchill County, Nevada During 2009
The amount of teff produced in the United States is increasing rapidly due to the plant’s popularity as an especially nutritious grain and as high-quality, horse hay. The word teff means “lost” because teff seed is the smallest grain in the world and if you drop it on the ground it will be lost.
Davison, J. and Laca, M. 2010, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
A Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management is designed to help green industry personnel understand IPM and to aid in implementing a pest control plan.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. 2017, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension SP-17-14
Grow Crops, Raise Fish With Aquaponics Andrews, A. and Kratsch, H. 2015, Reno Gazette-Journal
planting hops in nevada
Growing Hops in Southern Nevada
Hops are mainly used for brewing beer. The perceived bitterness in an Indian Pale Ale is derived from the hops themselves. Hops can also impart other flavors into beers, such as fruity, citrusy, or spicy notes. However, hops can serve other purposes as well.
Wynne, T., O’Callaghan, A., and Jeff Anderson, O. 2017, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet FS-17-05
sweet potatoes
Growing Sweet Potatoes in the Desert
Sweet potatoes easily grow in the desert and provide necessary vitamins and nutrients. By implementing the proper gardening techniques, everyone can enjoy the tasty treat. Sweet potatoes like a hot growing season, making southern Nevada an ideal place for them.
Wynne, T., Callaghan, A. 2017, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet FS-17-02
Dormant Oil spraying
Horticultural Oils – What a Gardener Needs to Know
Horticultural oils are pesticides that control insects, mites and some plant diseases. They are specifically designed to control plant pests. Commercially available horticultural oils are highly refined petroleum products that are filtered and distilled to remove compounds that can harm plants.
Skelly, J. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-20
How Much Water Does Alfalfa Need?
Studies in the west have shown that the right combination of irrigation and fertilizer management practices can double or triple alfalfa yields.
Jim Sloan 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno
Humboldt County Alfalfa Hay Establishment, Production Costs and Returns, 2004
This publication is intended to be a guide used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, and prepare business and marketing plans. Practices described are based on the production practices considered typical for this crop and region, but may not apply to every situation.
Curtis, K., Riggs, W., Sandstrom, M., and Shultz, B. 2004, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Hydroponics: A Brief Guide to Growing Food Without Soil
Hydroponics comes from the Greek word “hydro,” meaning water, and “ponos,” meaning labor. In other words, hydroponics is gardening without soil. Growing food in a desert can be difficult because of extreme temperatures, low natural precipitation and limited arable soil.
Treftz, C., Kratsch, H., and Omaye, S. 2015, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet FS-15-08
Identification and Management of Oxeye Daisy
Oxeye daisy is a perennial in the sunflower family. A native of Eurasia, it is sold as an ornamental, but has escaped cultivation. Oxeye daisy’s greatest impact is on forage production in infested meadows and pastures.
Johnson, W. and Macknet, D. 2006, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Implications of longer term grazing rest in the sagebrush steppe. Davies, K.W., Vavra, M., Schultz, B.W., and Rimbey, N. 2014, Journal of Rangeland Applications. 1:14-34.
Importance & Use of Enterprise Budgets in Agricultural Operations
Of the four types of budgets, whole-farm, partial, enterprise, and cash flow, the enterprise budget provides the best means to evaluate the potential profitability for a given enterprise or farm income source.
Curtis, K., Harris, T., and Riggs, W. 2005, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Insect Management
Applying IPM strategies: Insect control can be split into these five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Integrated Weed Management in Seedling Alfalfa
Seedling alfalfa is vulnerable to weed competition because seedlings grow slowly and do not compete well with weeds. Weed competition in new alfalfa stands impedes root development and lowers forage quality and alfalfa yield. The damage caused to seedling alfalfa can last the life of the stand.
Blecker, L., Creech, E., and Davison, J. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-01
Know Nevada Insects: Orange sulphur butterfly - Colias eurytheme (Boisduval)
The collective research on the description and life cycle of orange sulphur butterfly. Including the damages done by caterpillars and integrated pest management as a result of it.
Burls, K. and Newton, J. 2017, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Fact Sheet 17-15
Sphinx Moth
Know Nevada Insects: Sphinx Moth
This publication reviews the biology of caterpillars commonly called hornworms, including the tomato hornworm, Manduca quinquemaculata, which can be a common pest of tomato plants in Nevada. Integrated pest management techniques for controlling caterpillars are also discussed.
Kevin Burls and Joy Newton 2019, Extension | University of Nevada FS 19-16
Know the Status of Your Soils Before You Plant.
Soil sampling for field crop production.
Walia, M.K. and Hefner, M. 2019, University of Nevada, Reno, Extension, FS-19-17
Landowner Willingness to Adopt Alternative Cropping and Irrigation Strategies in the Walker River Basin
Water. In the arid climate of the Great Basin it is the most vital resource available. Both humans and natural ecosystems rely on this scarce resource for their livelihood and well being. Nowhere is this more apparent than the Walker River Basin in westcentral Nevada.
Curtis, K., Emm, S., and Entsminger, J. 2008, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Leaf Vegetable Varieties for the Moapa and Virgin Valleys
The purpose of this publication is to emphasize the selected vegetable varieties or cultivars (seeds/plants) that may perform better than others in the Moapa and Virgin Valleys.
Bishop, C. and Stoesser, D. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-06
Learn about the Birds and the Bees to Boost Garden Yields Andrews, A. 2017, Reno Gazette-Journal
Longer Term Rest from Grazing: A Response to Jones and Carter. Davies, K.W., Gearhart, A., Vavra, M., Schultz, B.W., and Rimbey, N. 2016, Journal of Rangeland Applications. 3:9-15.
Louis S. Test named Outstanding Agriculturist
Universiy of Nevada, Reno's College of Agriculture, Biotechnology & Natural Resources honored Test for agricultural advocacy, leadership and education
Andrews, A. 2019, Nevada Today
Maintaining Product Quality and Food Safety: A Primer for Small Fruit and Vegetable Producers
Consumers demand high quality produce. Post-harvest losses in fresh fruits and vegetables account for an estimated 5 to 25 percent of total production (Kader, 2002). Therefore, losses of fruits and vegetables due to quality negatively affect the farm business.
Urbanowitz, S. 2013, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Markets for Nevada Native Plants & Seeds
The proposed cooperative would be organized to grow, process, package, and market native Nevada plants, grasses, and forbs. Native seed production and collection is still in its infancy in Nevada, and as such, the local market for native products has not been fully explored.
Cowee, M. and Curtis, K. 2007, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Native Plant Gardens for Native Pollinators: Workshop and Plant Giveaway
This workshop will cover the fascinating ecology of our native pollinators and how to use native plants to provide critical habitat for them and pest control services for you. In addition, there will be a plant giveaway at the end of the workshop!
Burls, K.J. and H. Kratsch 2020, University of Nevada, Reno, Event Calendar
Nevada Consumers Willing to Pay More for “Nevada Grown” Labeled Native Plants
Appearance attributes are conveyed to the consumer through physical aspects of the product, such as color, size, and uniformity; while experience attributes are conveyed only through consumption or use of the product, such as the product's taste.
Cowee, M. and Curtis, K. 2007, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Nevada Farmers Market Customer Profiles
Between 1994 and 2008, the number of farmers markets in the U.S. increased by nearly 168 percent, from 1,755 markets to 4,685 (USDA-AMS, 2008). This shows the importance of farmers markets as a direct marketing outlet for agricultural producers.
Cowee, M., Curtis, K., and Gatzke, H. 2009, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Nevada Market Beef Carcass Merit Program
This carcass of merit program, utilizing a grid pricing system, recognize harvested animals with carcass traits that would be of similar economic value if they were sold on the open market.
Suverly, N. and Torell, R. 2004, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-04-03
Nevada Processed Food Guide: Refrigerated, Cut Produce
Food businesses can find support in the growing consumer interest in local foods. Knowing what is required to sell cut and packaged produce can be confusing. This document is a brief guide that outlines the resources and topics that should be considered to produce and sell refrigerated fruits and vegetables in Nevada.
Gatzke, H., Allen, K., West, T., and Roemer, M. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Northwestern Nevada Leaf Lettuce Production Costs and Returns, 2008
This publication is intended to be a guide used to make production decisions, determine potential returns and prepare business and marketing plans. Practices described are based on the production practices considered typical for this crop and region, but may not apply to every situation.
Bishop, C. and Curtis, K. 2008, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Northwestern Nevada Onion Production Costs and Returns, 2008
This publication is intended to be a guide, used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, and prepare business and marketing plans. Practices described are based on the production practices considered typical for this crop and region, but may not apply to every situation.
Bishop, C. and Curtis, K. 2008, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Northwestern Nevada Teff Production Costs and Returns, 2008
This publication is intended to be a guide used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, and prepare business and marketing plans. Practices described are based on the production practices considered typical for this crop and region, but may not apply to every situation.
Bishop, C., Curtis, K., and Davison, J. 2008, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Northwestern Nevada Two Row Malt Barley Production Costs and Returns, 2008
Sample costs and returns to establish and produce two row malt barley under center pivot irrigation in Northwestern Nevada are presented in this publication. This publication is intended to be a guide used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, and prepare business and marketing plans.
Bishop, C. and Curtis, K. 2008, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Nutritional and Sensory Analysis of Raspberry Varieties Grown in Northern Nevada
The purpose of this study was to measure vitamin C, vitamin E, total polyphenolics (antioxidants) and sugars (glucose and fructose) in several raspberry varieties during two growing seasons and during different months of harvest. We hypothesized these nutrients would vary across types, as well as harvest month.
Jacobs, J., Kratsch, H., Omaye, S., and Treftz C. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Special Publication 16-14
Nutritional Properties of Windrowed and Standing Basin Wildrye over Time
Many Nevada farmers and ranchers are in constant search of economical, high- producing winter forages for their beef cattle production system. An often overlooked forage but one that is common in Nevada and the Intermountain West is basin wildrye (Leymus cinereus).
Foster, S. and Perryman, B. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Observations of Commercial Tef Production in Nevada During 2006
Nevada Cooperative Extension fact sheet FS-04-51 discusses tef uses, adaptations and recommended agronomic practices in detail. It also provides information on the results of the 2003 tef demonstration trial efforts.
Davison, J. 2006, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Okra flowers and fruits
Okra
YHEP Instructor Nicole Hansen shows you how to feel like a professional gardener by growing Okra!
Hansen, N. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, YouTube Channel
Peas for St. Patrick’s Day and Other Cool-Season Gardening Tips Andrews, A. 2015, Reno Gazette-Journal
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2000-2001)
This is the fifth year that Nevada Cooperative Extension (NCE) and Nevada Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) have produced a fact sheet summarizing agricultural data for Pershing County. It is hoped that this county version will be helpful to those seeking agricultural data pertinent to Pershing County.
Breazeale, D. and Owens, M. 2000, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2001-2002)
This is the sixth year that Nevada Cooperative Extension (NCE) and Nevada Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) have produced a fact sheet summarizing agricultural data for Pershing County.
Breazeale, D. and Owens, M. 2001, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2002-2003)
The University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (NCE) and Nevada Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) have once gain collaborated to produce a fact sheet summarizing agricultural data for Pershing County.
Breazeale, D. and Owens, M. 2002, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2003-2004)
Alfalfa hay continues to be the most important crop in terms of both acres harvested and value of production. Despite a downward trend in alfalfa seed production in the county, it remained in second place followed by all other hay.
Breazeale, D. and Owens, M. 2003, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2004-2005)
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) and Nevada Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) have once gain collaborated to produce a fact sheet summarizing agricultural data for Pershing County. It is hoped that this county-version will be helpful to those seeking agricultural data pertinent to Pershing County.
Breazeale, D. and Owens, M. 2004, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Pershing County Agricultural Statistics (2008-2009)
This fact sheet is a summary of agricultural data from 2008-2009 for Pershing County, Nevada. The information and statistics in this fact sheet were gathered from the 2008-2009 Nevada Agricultural Statistics Service’s Annual Report and the 2007 USDA Census of Agriculture.
Foster, S. 2009, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Planning for Plant Growth using the Grazing Responce Index
Planning tool for managing grazing to enhance herbaceous plant (e.g. perennial grass) growth by evaluating season, duration and intensity of grazing.
Sherman Swanson 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno
Plant Cool-Season Crops Early for Payoff Later Hanson Mazet, W. and Andrews, A. 2014, Reno Gazette-Journal
Plant Disease Management
Plant disease management, like most pest management, is based on several important principles. These are the basic principles of plant disease management
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Plant Season Extension in the Desert
Desert regions, especially the high deserts, have wide-ranging temperatures that can greatly stress plants and reduce production. Using a combination of strategies to moderate environmental extremes and protect plants from frost can greatly improve growth and production.
Gatzke, H., McCuin, G., and Nelson, D. 2009, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Potential for Agritourism in Nevada
Agritourism can be roughly defined as rural enterprises which both produce agricultural commodities and serve tourists. Agritourism may hold considerable economic potential for agricultural enterprises in Nevada, as well as for rural county economies in general.
Curtis, K., Fadali E., and Harris, T. 2007, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Preserving the Harvest Andrews, A. 2016, Reno Gazette-Journal
Principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
An outline of the principles and best practices of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Reducing cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) fuel loads using full cattle grazing. Schmelzer, L., Perryman, B., Bruce, B., Schultz, B., McAdoo, K., McCuin, G., Swanson, S., and Wilker, J. 2014, Professional Animal Scientist. 30:270-278.
tree blossoming in orchard
Research Orchard Fruit Evaluations & Recommendations for Southern Nevada - 2020
This publication is for both the homeowner and small commercial grower. The information contained has been gathered over years of research trials and observations of various types of fruit trees and vines growing at the University of Nevada, Reno Research Orchard. It is a handy guide for buying fruit trees and vines.
Robinson, M.L., O'Callaghan, A., and Ruskamp, L. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, SP-20-07
Response of Teff Biomass Yields to Several Broadleaf Herbicides Applied at Three Different Growth Stages During 2009
Teff Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter is a selfpollinated, annual, warm season grass that is used throughout the world as grain for human consumption and as forage for livestock. The amount of teff produced in the United States is increasing rapidly due to its popularity as a nutritious grain and high quality, horse hay.
Creech, E., Davison, J., and Laca, M. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-10-35
Response of Teff Grain Yields to Several Broadleaf Herbicides Applied at Three Different Growth Stages During 2009
Teff (Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter) is a self-pollinated, annual, warm season grass that is used throughout the world as grain for human consumption and as forage for livestock. Teff is an ancient grain that was believed to have been domesticated in Ethiopia between 4000 and 1000 BC.
Creech, E., Davison, J., and Laca, M. 2010, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-10-76
beets
Root Vegetable Varieties for the Moapa and Virgin Valleys
The purpose of this publication is to emphasize the selected vegetable varieties or cultivars (seeds/plants) that may perform better than others in the Moapa and Virgin Valleys.
Bishop, C and Stoesser, D. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-07
Russian Knapweed Control Trial 2013-2015, Pershing County
A document of effective ways to maintain and control Russian Knapweed crops.
Foster, S., and Schultz, B. 2016, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, PS-16-04
Scentless Chamomile: Taxonomy, Ecology, and Control
Corn or scentless chamomile (Anthemis arvensis L.) is an annual flowering plant (forb) native to much of Europe, parts of Northern Africa, and Asia. It has become naturalized in North America, southern Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
Davison, J. and Schultz, B. 2002, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-02-85
Selected Culinary Herbs Harvesting, Preservation and Usage
Culinary herbs are the aromatic, fresh, dried or processed leaves and flowers of herbaceous plants that enhance the flavor and fragrance of food. There are literally hundreds of plants that can be grown for this purpose, and there are no steadfast rules that must be applied when cooking with herbs.
Bishop, C. 2015, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet FS-15-04
Selecting Vegetable Crops for Small-Scale Desert Production
Many people consider vegetable production to be difficult in the desert. Production of vegetables is possible by selecting suitable crops and using effective growing techniques. Crop selection should use crops suited to the climate and season.
Gatzke, H. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Small Farm Hoop House Production of Vegetables in Desert Climates Costs & Returns, 2010
This publication presents sample costs and returns to produce vegetables using hoop house protection and drip irrigation in Southeastern Nevada. It is intended to be a guide, used to make production decisions, determine potential returns and prepare business and marketing plans.
Bishop, C., Gatzke, H., and Curtis, K. 2010, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Soil and Climate Considerations of Alternative Crops
To determine which alternative crop or crops are best suited to a particular producer, it is necessary to determine the soil and climatic conditions under which the crop will be grown. This will influence the amount of probable yield, which impacts the possible economic returns.
Bishop, C., and Emm, S. 2013, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Spring and Winter Canola Variety Trial Results in Nevada
Canola is an annual plant grown for its seed that originated from plants known as rapeseed. It is part of the Brassica plant family which includes mustard, cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. The seed is crushed to produce oil, with the remaining meal used as livestock feed.
Davison, J. 2015, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Start the Summer Garden Indoors with Seeds or Cuttings Andrews, A. 2017, Reno Gazette-Journal
Peach tree
Stone Fruits
YHEP Instructor, Nicole Hansen teaches you all about stone fruits and shows you how to care for stone fruit trees.
Hansen, N. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, YouTube Channel
Tef Demonstration Planting Results (2004)
Nevada Cooperative Extension fact sheet #04-51 discuses tef uses, adaptations and recommended agronomic practices in detail. It also provides information on the results of the 2003 tef demonstration trial efforts. This fact sheet describes the results of the 2004 trial.
Davison, J. 2004, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Tef Demonstration Planting Results (2005)
Nevada Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet-04-51 discuses Tef uses, adaptations and recommended agronomic practices in detail. It also provides information on the results of the 2003 Tef demonstration trial efforts. Fact Sheet-05-28 describes the results of the 2004 Tef trial.
Davison, J. 2005, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Testing Seaberry as an Alternative Crop in Nevada
This fact sheet discusses one of several crops currently being tested in Extension’s Alternative Crop Testing program.
Davison, J. and Riggs, W. 2004, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-04-75
The Potential for Soybean Production In Western Nevada
The purpose of the project was to complete a preliminary un-replicated evaluation of the survival and production potential of soybeans in western Nevada.
Davison, J. 2002, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-02-53
The Potential of Amaranth as a New Crop for Nevada
Amaranth originated in South America and has been cultivated for centuries. It is grown as a high quality, gluten-free grain, and occasionally used as a leafy vegetable as well. While the seeds are sold as a grain, it is a broad-leaved plant and not a grass as are most grains.
Davison, J. and Leger, E. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
The Response of Crested Wheatgrass (Agropyron cristatum) Seedlings to Six Herbicides
Crested wheatgrass (CWG) is commonly seeded in Nevada on sites in the 8 to 12 inch annual precipitation zone that was originally inhabited by Wyoming big sagebrush or basin big sagebrush. This study was conducted to determine the effect of six herbicides to CWG seedlings when applied at two different growth stages.
Schultz, B. and Creech, E. 2012, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-12-36
Tips for Building a Healthy Soil
Soil is the foundation for your plants. Focus on building a healthy soil, and your plants will benefit.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Lower-risk Pest Control
Products are available that have less risk to the user and others. Select these whenever appropriate.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP
Tips for Managing Insect Pests in the Landscape
Did you know that 99% of all insects are not harmful to you or your landscape? Determine which insects are helpful and head head off insect pests by following these tips:
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP.
Tips for Managing Weeds
Use these tips to manage weeds and grow healthy, thriving plants in your yard
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Using Pesticides Safely
Remember, pesticides are designed to kill or repel pests. Keep yourself, your family and your pets safe by following these tips.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Towards wine grape (Vitis vinifera) vineyard establishment in Northern Nevada: varietal studies in the dry desert climate. J. Evans, E.A.R. Tattersall, W. Johnson, and G.R. Cramer 2005, NAES publication #51055382
producing manure
Using Chicken Manure Safely in Home Gardens and Landscapes
When a family raises chickens, they have a ready supply of brown gold from composted or aged manure to benefit their garden and landscape plants. Learn more about using chicken manure safely in home gardens and landscapes in this factsheet.
Saliga III, R. and Skelly, J. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-23
Using Edibles for Landscape Accents Andrews, A. 2013, Reno Gazette-Journal
Using Preemergence Herbicides for Weed Control in the Home Landscape
Practical tips for using preemergence herbicides correctly in the home landscape, including how preemergence herbicides work and risks to consider when making a preemergence herbicide application. A list of common preemergence products is included.
Donaldson, S. and Skelly, J. 2011, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 11-67
Vertebrate Pest Management
Vertebrate pests include animals with a backbone, such as ground squirrels, mice and pigeons.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Volunteers needed for replanting University vineyard
The University of Nevada, Reno, Desert Farming Initiative is looking for community members to help replant a vineyard in an effort to expand upon over 20 years of wine grape research done by the Nevada Agricultural Experiment Station. Participants will receive hands-on experience learning the first steps in developing a vineyard, as well as learn more about some of the Initiative's current projects.
Kozsan, T. 2019, Nevada Today
Weed Management
As with all pest management, it is essential to identify the pest before taking action. Most effective weed management plans include several control strategies. Weed control can be divided into five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Why Customers Shop at Farmers Markets in Nevada
Farmers markets are an increasingly popular alternative to traditional grocery stores for consumers. In the decade between 1998 and 2008, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA- AMS) estimated that the number of farmers markets in the U.S. increased 71 percent from 2,746 to 4,685.
Cowee, M., Curtis, K., and Gatzke, H. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-32
Winter camelina seed yield and quality response to harvest time.
Winter camelina seed yield and oil quality affected by different harvest dates.
Walia, M.K., Wells M.S., Cubins, J., Wyse, D., Gardner, R.D., Gesch, R., and Forcella, F. 2018, Industrial Crops and Products. 125: 765-775.
Winter Is Coming and a Hoop House Would Help Andrews, A. 2017, Reno-Gazette Journal
Melinda Yerka in a field
Women in science: a Q&A with CABNR researchers
Professors Stringham and Yerka, along with postdoctoral scholar Dunham-Cheatham, discuss their work as CABNR researchers
Andrews, A. 2019, Nevada Today