Other common names
Wild barley, foxtail, farmer’s foxtail, mouse barley.
Flat and narrow (0.1 to 0.3 inches wide), smooth or hairy with well‐developed auricles (protrusions) that clasp the stem. Leaves may be up to 8 inches long.
Produces round stems that grow in an upright or broad form, spreading from the base of the plant.
Grows a bristly, thick spike 1 to 3 inches long, with 1/4‐ to 1‐inch‐long awns (bristles), in spring. The spike looks like a fox’s tail. Blooms from spring to early summer.
Once the spikes have dried out, forms barbed seeds often referred to as "foxtails." Seeds stick to the fur of animals, human clothing, etc.
Eurasia; naturalized to the western United States
Where it grows
Cultivated land, roadsides, landscaped areas, turf, vacant lots, in pavement cracks and other disturbed or unmanaged sites. Often grows in wet and salty areas.
Cool‐season annual (grows in cooler spring weather)
Reproduces by seed.
Control hare barley prior to seed formation. As this occurs in early spring, careful monitoring is needed to stop the spread of this weed.