Practical fire advice you can trust

Providing information, programs and training grounded in research to help people, agencies and communities reduce wildfire risk.

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Red Rock Pool of Water

Conservation & Sustainability

Extension offices provide support and research for many conservation initiatives throughout the state of Nevada. In addition, a partnership with Nevada's Conservation Districts has been formed which assists both organizations with the overall vision of Conservation for the state of Nevada while providing additional education and resources to help conserve Nevada's natural resources.

home on fire

Fire Toolkit Portal

The toolkit is developed to provide guidance for communities and on-the-ground organizers engaging in collaborative planning to reduce their threat to wildfire.

tall whitetop (Perennial pepperweed )

Invasive Species (Weeds)

Weeds are one of the most serious threats to Nevada rangelands and lawns. Hundreds of Weed Warriors, Woad Warriors, and other volunteers have been trained by Extension personnel in how to spot, control and eradicate noxious weeds.

dry folsom lake bed cb

Living with Drought

Living with Drought connects stakeholders with drought status information, essential research, and tools that can be used to help address and assess the impacts of drought in Nevada.

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Living With Fire

Helping Nevadans and visitors prepare for wildfire

mayor Bob Crowell declared the month of May as Nevada wildfire awareness month

Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month

Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month is an awareness campaign held every May with events and activities taking place throughout Nevada. This is a collaborative effort among local, state and federal firefighting agencies, wildfire prone communities and Extension's Living With Fire Program.

Fire Related News Articles, Fact Sheets, Reports...

 
A bundle of golden Crested Wheatgrass in a dry field.
A Homeowner's Guide to Planting Crested Wheatgrass
The following description for planting crested wheatgrass applies to homeowners seeding relatively small areas (less than two acres) and who do not have access to specialized rangeland seeding equipment. For larger planting efforts, contact your local University of Nevada Cooperative Extension office for suggestions.
Smith, E., Davison, J., Carlos, B. 1999, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-99-96
cheatgrass
A Homeowner’s Guide to Cheatgrass
Cheatgrass, also known as downy brome and bronco grass, is an annual plant native to Europe and Asia. Cheatgrass has a serious environmental impact on Nevada. It dries out very quickly, becoming extremely flammable. This increases the occurrence and intensity of fires in sagebrush areas.
Davison, J. and Smith, E. 2006, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension
Aboriginal Precedent for Active Management of Sagebrush-Perennial grass Communities in the Great Basin.
Restoration measures should be scientifically based and tailored to achieve ecological resilience and functionality in specific sites. Prescribed fire is not always ecologically appropriate or judicious, especially in Wyoming big sagebrush communities, so managers should consider using other alternatives.
McAdoo, J.K., B.W. Schultz, and S.R. Swanson. 2013, Rangeland Ecology and Management 66(3):241-253.
A plant with green rounded leaves and clusters of small pink and white flowers.
Backyard Native Plants
Identification and treatments of shrubs and ground covers for fire safe landscaping at Lake Tahoe.
Higgins, Lesley V. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP
A bundle of cheatgrass in front of a house
Be Careful! Cheatgrass is extremely flammable!
Dry cheatgrass is one of the most easily ignitable substances on Nevada's rangelands. It is the kindling that fuels many of our wildfires. Once ignited, cheatgrass fires can travel very fast. Be careful! Be prepared!
Smith, Ed, Davison, Jay 2008, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno SP-05-08
A flame from embers igniting a wood shake roof
Be Ember Aware
During a wildfire, thousands of embers can rain down on your roof and pelt the side of your home like hail during a storm. Embers coming into contact with flammable material is the major reason why homes burn from wildfires.By being ember aware and taking action ahead of time, a homeowner can reduce the ember threat.
Smith, Ed, Sistare, Sonya 2005, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno FS-09-05
An Ember House structure with ember vulnerabilities highlighted in orange. A trashcan adjacent to the Ember House.
Ember House 3.0 Building Instructions
This is information on how to build an Ember House. The Ember House serves as a youth activity to educate kids on the ember threat of wildfires on homes. There is no one “right way” to build an Ember House. There are a lot of variations out there. Reported below is simply how LWF created theirs.
Smith, E. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP-20
house on fire
Fire Adapted Communities: The Next Step in Wildfire Preparedness
Do you know what it takes to survive a wildfire? A fire adapted communities is a community located in fire-prone area that requires little assistance from firefighters during a wildfire. Residents of these communities accept responsibility for living in a high fire hazard area.
Smith, E., Sistare, S., Nejedlo, G. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-11-01
The Angora Fire burns hillsides across Lake Tahoe. Smoke plumes in the air.
Fire Adapted Communities: The Next Step in Wildfire Preparedness. Lake Tahoe Basin
There are proven steps that homeowners can take to improve personal safety and home survival during wildfire. The purpose of this publication is to present these steps and encourage neighbors to work together and with their local fire firefighting agency to take action.
Smith, E., Sistare, S. 2014, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-14-05
Christina T. Igono
First-generation Ph.D. student Christina T. Igono presents, wins award at international conference of soil scientists
"It is imperative professionals in my field develop sustainable agricultural practices, mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and reduce natural disasters or we might not survive."
Andrews, A. 2020, Nevada Today
Homeowners invited to Nevada Fire Board public meeting and Q&A
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension's Living With Fire Program and the Nevada Fire Board of Directors invite homeowners to attend the Nevada Fire Board Meeting and Public Q&A session May 17. Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions about wildfires, wildfire safety and how to be prepared if a wildfire occurs in their communities.
Kozsan, T. 2019, Nevada Today
A house and car completely engulfed in flames
How can I prepare my home and neighborhood for a wildfire?
University experts caution actions taken by homeowners before a fire ever starts play a critical role.
Smith, E. and Andrews, A. 2019, Nevada Today
A wildfire burns brush near a cluster of homes with text: How to Complete a Community Wildfire Protection Plan for Nevada Communities
How to Complete a Community Wildfire Protection Plan for Nevada Communities
A Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) describes the wildfire hazards and mitigation measures for a community. Completing and implementing a CWPP is an important means for residents of Nevada’s wildfire prone areas to address the wildfire threat.
Smith, E., Sistare, S. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-13-14
A cluster of homes in Washoe County adjacent to the urban interface with text: How to Complete a Community Wildfire Protection Plan for Washoe County Communities
How to Complete a Community Wildfire Protection Plan for Washoe County Communities
A Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP) describes the wildfire hazards and mitigation measures for a community. Completing and implementing a CWPP is an important means for residents of Washoe County’s wildfire-prone areas to address the wildfire threat.
Smith, E., Sistare, S., Nejedlo, G. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-13-06
How to eradicate cheatgrass Jim Sloan 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno
The Governer of Nevada signing a multi-state proclamation with support of Nevadans around him.
Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month County Proclamation Wording
Customize your county proclamation in support of Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month- May 2020.
Roice-Gomes, J. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP-20
Nevada's Weather and Climate
Weather and climate are related, but they are not the same. The difference between weather and climate is time. Practically speaking, weather determines which clothes you decide to put on today, but climate determines the type of clothes that are in your closet.
Ormerod, Kerri Jean; McAfee, Stephanie 2017, Extension | Fact Sheet 17-04
Short-term Collateral Effects of Six Herbicides on Sandberg Bluegrass (Poa secunda) Following Wildfire
This study measured the response of Sandberg bluegrass at two stages of phenological development to six different herbicides, applied as 11 distinct treatments.
Schultz, B. and Creech, E. 2013, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-13-12
A row of black and white houses with a wildfire approaching in the background. Text saying: Wildfires Happen. Is your community prepared?
Summary Report Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month 2019
Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month (NWAM) 2019 was held May 1–31, with events and activities taking place throughout the state. With the collaboration of partnering agencies, the Living With Fire program educated Nevada residents on minimizing the wildfire impact on communities by taking proactive steps to prepare.
Roice-Gomes, J., Thom, A. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP 2019
A ponderosa pine trunk and branches
Taking Care of Residential Trees After Wildfire
Many trees can recover after fire, depending on the intensity and duration of the burn and extent of dehydration. After a fire it is important to determine which trees might recuperate and which will need to be removed.
Skelly, J. 2004, Extension | University of Nevada, Carson City/Storey County, FS-04-57
A women rakes leaves on her front lawn. House in the background.
Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Defensible Space
As Nevada communities grow, so does the wildfire threat on homes. The term "defensible space" was coined to describe vegetation management practices aimed at reducing the wildfire threat to homes. This fact sheet addresses some of the frequently asked questions regarding defensible space.
Smith, E. 1996, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-96-39
A pile of mulch burns in a controlled experiment
The Combustibility of Landscape Mulches
Mulch plays an important role in Western residential landscapes. Unfortunately many mulches are combustible, a major drawback when used in home landscapes located in wildfire-prone areas. Using the results from an evaluation of mulch combustibility, recommendations are offered concerning the use of mulches.
Quarles, S., Smith, E. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, SP-11-04
Firefighters with firetruck in the foreground; hillside on fire in the background
Up in smoke: University ecologists help firefighters protect Nevada's lands
Fires unleash devastating losses on Nevada ranches, grazing areas, and habitat. Each leaves Nevada lands more vulnerable to future fires. Knowing how to care for Nevada's land before and after disturbances is key to reducing wildland fire risk and repairing lands post-fire. This is where two University experts come in.
Andrews, A. 2019, Nevada Today
Men loading juniper bushes into a truck
What did we learn from the Caughlin Fire?
Jamie Roice-Gomes and Ashley Andrews break down 5 lessons learned following the Caughlin Fire
Andrews, A. and Roice-Gomes, J. 2019, Nevada Today
Men shoveling pine needles into a trailer
What is defensible space and how do I create some around my home?
University experts help homeowners to make homes more fire safe
Smith, E. and Andrews, A. 2019, Nevada Today
Iris in bloom
What is firescaping?
University experts give tips on keeping your landscape from going up in flames
Andrews, A. and Skelly, J. 2019, Nevada Today
What is Firescaping? Andrews, A. and Skelly, J. 2014, Reno Gazette-Journal
WIldfire Evacuation Checklist Information on How to prepare yourself for a quick and safe evacuation
Wildfire Evacuation Checklist
Information on how to prepare yourself, your home, and your family for a quick and safe wildfire evacuation. Be prepared! Please evacuate immediately when asked.
Smith, Ed 2006, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-06-07
Cars driving at night while a wildfire approaches the road
Wildfire Evacuation Checklist (Spanish)
Si su propiedad está en peligro de incendio y usted debe evacuar tenga en consideración las siguientes medidas de seguridad.
Smith, E. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP-20
Wildfires and Rodeos part of Reno Aces Country Festival game
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension's Living With Fire Program, in partnership with KBUL Radio, Reno Rodeo and Night in the Country, presents Country Festival: Reno Aces vs. Tacoma Rainiers on May 18 as part of both Nevada Wildfire Awareness Month and the Reno Rodeo 100th Anniversary Celebration.
Kozsan, T. 2019, Nevada Today