Lindsay. A 2020, Physical Activity, How Much Is Enough? | Active Kids Are Healthy Kids, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP
family exercising

What Does My Child Gain?

Just like for adults, increased physical activity has been linked to better overall health and reduced chronic disease in children. But there are some other really key advantages to ensuring your child is physically active including:

How Much Is Enough?

It can be confusing trying to figure out which guidelines to follow (2-7). Your safest bet and easiest way to remember is “60-60-60” since the most comprehensive guidelines recommend 120 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day (60 minutes of structured and 60 minutes of unstructured) and sedentary time no longer than 60 minutes at a time (see Sedentary Behavior). Providing 120 mins of activity, however, doesn’t just mean increasing recess or outdoor play time. Studies have shown that this does not necessarily increase physical activity for every child. For already active kids, more playground time can mean more active play. But for some children who typically choose to do more sedentary options they may just be sedentary longer.

Move Your Way

Day Care Vs. Home

A common problem with ensuring your child gets enough physical activity is that he/she is not always in your care. If your child is in a day care facility, you can’t assume the teacher is meeting the activity minutes for the day. On the contrary, teachers cannot assume the child is achieving his/her physical activity goals at home. So it is important to communicate openly with your child’s teacher and together understand the physical activity daily practices of your child. Additionally, while teachers promote physical activity in the classroom, as a parent, your role at home is crucial. Reinforce fundamental movement skills and provide additional opportunities for physical activity.

Contrary to popular belief, studies show that children in child care programs are generally NOT active! So what does this mean for parents? Continuous at-home involvement is the key

120 Minutes Well Spent!

While 120 mins seems like a long time, it can be broken up into shorter bouts of activity. Some of that activity, 60 minutes, should be spent doing structured activity, meaning “adult-led” with an intended goal or outcome. The other 60 minutes or more may be unstructured or “active free-play”. Finally, children should not be sedentary for longer than 60 minutes. Be sure to get them up and get them moving!

Structured Play

Structured play is an organized or "guided" activity, with intentional goals or objectives that use colors or letters to demonstrate key fundamental movement skills such as those found in state or local Pre-K standards .

Examples include:

  • Hopscotch – uses numbers to teach a child to hop on one foot;
  • Red Light, Green Light – uses colors to teach a child to step forward and backward;
  • Dance – uses various musical genres and lyrical messaging to teach a child simple dance patterns;
  • Sports Drills – teaches physical motor skills such as dribbling, throwing or catching a ball

Unstructured Play

Unstructured play is free time playing on the school playground, at the park, or with the neighborhood friends in a guided and safe environment. Sometimes this means providing sports equipment, playground equipment, stencils on the ground or other child appropriate props for them to choose from. The child is free to do whatever kind of physical activity he/she chooses. Unstructured play helps children develop their sense of independence and social interaction. Encourage your child to play outdoors as much as possible, whether at a playground, park, or on nature walk.

Join in!
Teachers and parents need to be involved!
If children see adults do it, they want to do it. If children see adults uninterested, they are likely to also be uninterested.

60-60-60

  • 60 mins of STRUCTURED activity daily
  • 60 mins and up to several hours of free play or UNSTRUCTURED activity daily!
  • 60 mins of sitting is long enough! GET UP after 60 minutes and move!

family

What Is Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity?

What does the recommendation of “moderate-to-vigorous physical activity” mean? “Moderate-to-vigorous” refers to large body movement activities that significantly increase breathing and use arms and/or legs (not just hands).

Moderate Physical Activity

  • Brisk walking
  • Playing on outdoor play equipment, moving about, swinging, climbing, or tumbling
  • Playing hopscotch, 4-square, kickball, or ball games, bicycling, swimming.

Vigorous Physical Activity

  • Running, hopping, galloping, hiking or walking quickly up a hill
  • Playing, running, or jumping games playing tag, playing chase,
  • Doing jumping jacks
  • Dancing or skipping to music or playing soccer & basketball.
boy doing a crab crawl

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References

  1. Pontifex MB, Saliba BJ, Raine LB, Picchietti DL, Hillman CH. Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. J Pediatr. 2013;162 (3):543–551
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education. 2011. Caring for our children: National health and safety performance standards; Guidelines for early care and education programs. 3rd Edition. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.
  3. The AHA's Recommendations for Physical Activity in Children. (2016, October 18). Retrieved October 09, 2017
  4. International, I. A. (n.d.). Active Start: A Statement of Physical Activity Guidelines for Children From Birth to Age 5, 2nd Edition. Retrieved October 30, 2017
  5. How Much Physical Activity is Needed? (2016, June 21). Retrieved October 30, 2017
  6. Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies Goals, Recommendations, and Potential Actions (Rep.). (2011). Retrieved November 8, 2017

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