Building lifelong healthy habits in children is a family affair and starts in the home. Below are some tips for some ways to help children become healthy, happy, active and fit!
Choose foods with many flavors, colors, textures and smells to expand your child’s food choices. Offer new foods at the beginning of a meal and pair them with a familiar food item. Offer your child choices and avoid forcing them to eat. Offer choices. Ask, “ Which would you like for dinner, broccoli or cauliflower?” instead of “Do you want broccoli for dinner?”
Plan together. Shop together. Cook together. Ask about and include some of your child’s choices when planning meals. Allow your child to invent new snacks and name them something fun such as, “Power-packed Peas” or “Hector’s Hummus.” Ask your child to help prepare part of the meal, choose healthy options at the store, or set the table.
Don’t be a “short-order cook” by making different dishes to please children. It’s easier to plan family meals when everyone eats the same foods.
Show your love with hugs and kisses. Comfort with hugs and talks. Reward good behavior with nonfood items, such as a walk in the park or reading a book together.
Talk about fun and happy things at mealtime. Turn off the television. Set phones aside. Try to make eating meals a stress-free time.
If your child says he or she is hungry, offer a small, healthy snack. Snack portions may depend on when the next scheduled meal is (such as a piece of cheese 30 minutes before dinner). At mealtime, if children say they are full, do not make them finish. Learning to take the right portion takes practice. Children learn best by serving themselves. Use large utensils to make it easier. It’s okay if children spill in the process.
Speak positively about people’s bodies and appearances (including your own) instead of using negative language! Model a healthy self-image to your child by talking positively about your body’s shape and size. “Look at me. I am big and tall. I like to eat healthy and be active too.” All bodies are shaped differently, making each one unique. Promoting acceptance of different shapes helps children develop positive feelings about their bodies.
Limit screen time, such as TV and computer games, to no more than two hours a day. Get up and move during commercials to get some physical activity.
Make physical activity fun for the whole family. Involve your children in the planning. Walk, run and play with your child instead of sitting on the sidelines. Use safety gear, such as bike helmets. During winter or summer months, when weather can sometimes make it a challenge to be active outside, try dancing together. Visit the healthy kids resource center and search “music & dance."
Children model your behavior, so consider each of these tips for your life as well. Make healthy food choices instead of participating in fad diets, be active, limit time spent on the phone and TV (screen time), and speak positively about your body. Learn to listen to your body, eating when you are hungry and stopping when you are satisfied.
Adapted from USDA. (2011, June). 10 Tips Nutrition Education Series. Retrieved from Choose MyPlate
Healthy Kids Resource Center
A one-stop shop for evidence-based research, resources, curricula, activities and materials that focus on obesity prevention for teachers and parents of young children. It is designed to educate parents and teachers as well as provide the tools needed to teach young children how to live a healthy lifestyle.
Lindsay, A., Buffington, A., 2021, Healthy Tips for Families: Lifelong Healthy Habits Start at Home., Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-21-100
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