Melody Hefner

Photo of Melody Hefner, Extension

Melody Hefner

Urban IPM and Pesticide Safety Program Coordinator

Programs

professionals in a commercial landscape horticulture class

Commercial Landscape Horticulture

Classes offer training for green industry workers, including some bilingual classes, on how to landscape in the Nevada desert

people learning to identify a tree

Green Industry Training

A workforce development program to train green industry professionals, who receive continuing education units for pesticide applicator, ISA-certified arborist and Qualified Water Efficient Landscaper

hands holding freshly picked carrots

Grow Your Own, Nevada!

Learn the secrets of high desert gardening

ladybug larva eating aphids on a pepper plant

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management program is a long-term management strategy that uses a combination of tactics to reduce pests to tolerable levels with potentially lower costs for the pest manager and minimal effect on the environment.

pesticide traing cb

Pesticide Safety Education Program

Extension’s Pesticide Safety Education Program provides web-based training for pesticide applicators seeking to apply restricted and general use pesticides safely, properly and according to the law. Pesticide licensure and certification is administered by the Nevada Department of Agriculture.

cheatgrass and flixweed

Weed Prevention & Management

Integrated weed management is based on economically viable and environmentally friendly weed management tactics that combine use of herbicides with other control tactics, such as mowing, burning, tillage, grazing and re-vegetation. By taking steps to prevent weed invasion, land owners/managers and other stakeholders can avoid the economic and environmental impacts of noxious and invasive weeds.

Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training cb

Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training

The Weed Warriors program tackles the growing problem of weeds on public and private land.

News & Journal Articles, Fact Sheets, Reports...

Brochures
Nevada Integrated Pest Management Continuing Education Unit Course
Directions on how to use navigate and the online course for the Nevada Integrated Pest Management Continuing Education Unit (CEU)
Hefner, M. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
farmer spraying trees
Nevada Online Pesticide Safety Course
Instructions for how to navigate to and take the Nevada Online Pesticide Safety Course.
Hefner, M. 2020, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Bulletins
Insect Management
Applying IPM strategies: Insect control can be split into these five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Plant Disease Management
Plant disease management, like most pest management, is based on several important principles. These are the basic principles of plant disease management
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for a Healthy Lawn
Follow these tips to conserve water, crowd out weeds, and grow a thick, green lawn.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Building a Healthy Soil
Soil is the foundation for your plants. Focus on building a healthy soil, and your plants will benefit.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Healthy Landscape Trees
A mature tree adds value, shade and beauty to the landscape. Keep trees healthy by following these tips:
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Lower-risk Pest Control
Products are available that have less risk to the user and others. Select these whenever appropriate.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, IP
Tips for Managing Insect Pests in the Landscape
Did you know that 99% of all insects are not harmful to you or your landscape? Determine which insects are helpful and head head off insect pests by following these tips:
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP.
Tips for Managing Weeds
Use these tips to manage weeds and grow healthy, thriving plants in your yard
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Tips for Using Pesticides Safely
Remember, pesticides are designed to kill or repel pests. Keep yourself, your family and your pets safe by following these tips.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Vertebrate Pest Management
Vertebrate pests include animals with a backbone, such as ground squirrels, mice and pigeons.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Weed Management
As with all pest management, it is essential to identify the pest before taking action. Most effective weed management plans include several control strategies. Weed control can be divided into five separate categories.
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Fact Sheets
Cómo los Pesticidas entran en tu Cuerpo / How Pesticides Enter Your Body
Esta publicación describe las diferentes formas en que los pesticidas pueden ingresar al cuerpo y cuales son los signos y síntomas de intoxicación por causa del uso de pesticidas. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-05
Emergency First Aid for Pesticide Poisoning / Primeros Auxilios en caso de una Emergencia de Intoxicación de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes emergency first aid for pesticide poisonings, emergency eye flush procedures and the worker protection standard requirements for decontamination supplies. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-07
man hydrating with water
Enfermedades relacionadas con Calor: Síntomas, Primeros Auxilios y Prevención / Heat-Related Illnesses: Symptoms, First Aid and Prevention
Esta publicación describe las 4 enfermedades principales relacionadas con el calor: insolación, agotamiento por causa del calor, calambres por el calor y sarpullido por el calor. Esta es una de una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno FS-02-06
Equipo de Protección Personal / Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Esta publicación describe el Equipo de Protección Personal (Personal Protective Equipment) o PPE, cuál es el requisito mínimo de un PPE para la mayoría de los pesticidas, consejos para el uso del PPE y cómo cuidarlo. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-04
How Pesticides Enter Your Body / Cómo los Pesticidas entran en tu Cuerpo
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the different ways pesticides can enter the body and the signs and symptoms of pesticide poisoning. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-05
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) / Equipo de Protección Personal
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes Personal Protective Equipment or PPE, what the minimum PPE requirement is for most pesticides, tips for using PPE and how to care for PPE. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-04
Primeros Auxilios en caso de una Emergencia de Intoxicación de Pesticidas / Emergency First Aid for Pesticide Poisoning
Esta publicación describe los primeros auxilios en caso de emergencia de las intoxicaciones por causa de pesticidas y procedimientos de enjuague de ojos en caso de emergencia. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Fisher, J., Kratsch, H., and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-02-07
Almacenamiento Seguro de Pesticidas / Storing Pesticides Safely
Esta publicación describe la forma correcta de almacenar los pesticidas de manera segura y cómo eliminar los pesticidas no deseados. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-03
Cleaning Pesticide-Contaminated Clothing / Lavado de Ropa Contaminada por Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the proper way to clean pesticide-contaminated clothing while minimizing pesticide contamination in the home. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-08
Desecho de Manera segura del los Pesticidas y contendores de Pesticidas / Disposing of Pesticides and Pesticide Containers Safely
Esta publicación describe la forma correcta de eliminar los pesticidas y los envases que contienen pesticidas en Nevada. Este es uno de una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-09
Disposing of Pesticides and Pesticide Containers Safely/ Desecho de Manera segura del los Pesticidas y contendores de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the proper way to dispose of pesticides and pesticide containers in Nevada. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-09
Lavado de Ropa Contaminada por Pesticidas / Cleaning Pesticide-Contaminated Clothing
Esta publicación describe la manera correcta de cómo se debe limpiar la ropa contaminada con pesticidas, y al mismo tiempo cómo reducir la contaminación de pesticidas en el hogar. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheets FS-20-08
Managing and Reporting Pesticide Spills / Manejo y Reporte de Derrames de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes dealing with pesticide spills, what materials should be in a spill kit, how to dispose of spill materials and how to report a pesticide spill. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Fact Sheet FS-20-01
Manejo y Reporte de Derrames de Pesticidas / Managing and Reporting Pesticide Spills
Esta publicación describe cómo se debe tratar los derrames de pesticidas, qué materiales deben estar en un kit en caso de derrames, cómo desechar los materiales de derrame y cómo reportar un derrame de pesticidas. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-01
Protecting Pollinators/ Protegiendo a los Polinizadores
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes how to protect pollinators during a pesticide application. It also describes native bees and provides additional resources for information. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-10
Protegiendo a los Polinizadores / Protecting Pollinators
Esta publicación describe cómo proteger a los polinizadores durante la aplicación de pesticidas. También describe a las abejas nativas y proporciona recursos adicionales para obtener mayor información. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-10
Storing Pesticides Safely/ Almacenamiento Seguro de Pesticidas
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes the proper way to store pesticides safely and how to dispose of unwanted pesticides. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-03
Transporte de Pesticidas de forma Segura / Transporting Pesticides Safely
Esta publicación describe cómo se debe transportar los pesticidas de manera segura, y cómo y cuándo reportar los derrames de pesticidas. Esta es una en una serie de 10 hojas que contienen datos sobre el Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, University of Nevada, Reno Extension Fact Sheet FS-20-02
Transporting Pesticides Safely / Transporte de Pesticidas de forma Segura
This bilingual (Spanish and English) publication describes how to transport pesticides safely and how and when to report pesticide spills. This is one of a series of 10 Pesticide Use and Safety/ Uso y Seguridad de Pesticidas fact sheets.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., Fisher, J. and Schaerer, M.F. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno Fact Sheets FS-20-02
Know the Status of Your Soils Before You Plant.
Soil sampling for field crop production.
Walia, M.K. and Hefner, M. 2019, University of Nevada, Reno, Extension, FS-19-17
Questions to Ask Before Hiring a Pest Control Operator
Many pest problems can be controlled by the homeowner using a combination of preventative measures, good sanitation and general-use pesticides. Occasionally, a pest problem becomes too large or too complex and homeowners elect to seek outside pest control assistance by hiring a pest control professional.
Donaldson, S., Hefner, M., Carpenter, J., and Lawrence, L. 2012, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, FS-10-07
Are You Sure You Have a Pest Problem? Not all plant problems are caused by pests!
Sometimes our gardening practices are harmful to plants. For example, placing too thick a layer of mulch, accidently applying pesticides where we didn’t want them or forgetting to give our plants water in the winter when the weather is too dry can all lead to plant damage that is not caused by pests or diseases.
Hefner, M. and Kratsch, H. 2012, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-12-23
horses in yard
Dealing with Nuisance Wildlife
This fact sheet discusses ways to reduce conflicts between humans and wildlife, and focuses on vertebrate animals, or animals that have a backbone.
Carpenter, J., Donaldson, S., and Hefner, M. 2011, University of Nevada Extension, FS-2011-40
Pesticide Risk Assessment: Understanding Signal Words on Pesticide Labels
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assesses risk by looking at the toxicity of the pesticide and the likelihood that you will be exposed to that pesticide. The following information will help you understand and reduce risks when using pesticides.
Donaldson, S. and Hefner, M. 2011, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-11-37
Using Preemergence Herbicides for Weed Control in the Home Landscape
Practical tips for using preemergence herbicides correctly in the home landscape, including how preemergence herbicides work and risks to consider when making a preemergence herbicide application. A list of common preemergence products is included.
Donaldson, S. and Skelly, J. 2011, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, Fact Sheet 11-67
Flowers are yellow and smaller than dandelion flowers.
A Northern Nevada Homeowner's Guide to Identifying and Managing Prickly Lettuce
This fact sheet provides identification and management methods for the nuisance weed prickly lettuce.
Donaldson, S. and Hanson Mazet, W. 2010, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-10-28
pets
Pets and Pesticide Use
Pets are an important part of our lives. The animals that share our homes, yards and properties rely on us for protection and safety. Some pesticide products used in and around our homes, in our yards and on our lawns can harm our pets and other domestic animals if not used properly.
Donaldson, S., Hefner, M., and Moses, C. 2010, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, FS-10-06
Low Impact Development in Northern Nevada: An Introduction
This fact sheet contains information on low impact development (LID) to help conserve and protect waterways. Learn more about the different benefits of LID, how LID work, reason for being used, the cost of LID, common practices, and many more.
Donaldson, S. and Hefner, M. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-22
Low Impact Development in Northern Nevada: Soil Considerations
This fact sheet contains information on soil considerations for low impact development (LID) in Northern Nevada. Learn more about the benefits of good soil, soil compaction, soil properties, soil biology, soil compaction, and many more.
Donaldson, s. and Hefner, M. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-23
composting bag
Composting Yard and Vegetable Wastes
Composting is an effective way to take organic materials from landfills and use them to improve soil health. This fact sheet covers the reasons for composting and the basics of getting compost started.
Donaldson, S., and Hefner, Melody 2009, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-16
Gypsum
Nevada Soil Amendment Myths
While many common soil amendments are beneficial when added to soil in the southeastern or northeastern United States or the Pacific Northwest, they are not appropriate for soils in the arid West. They can be detrimental to our soils and water bodies and are, at the very least, a waste of time, effort and money.
Hefner, M. and Skelly, J. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-15
hand full of dirt
Assessing Soil Quality
The quality of your soil affects every facet of your landscape, from the plants that will grow to the features that can be constructed. A visual assessment of your soil quality is a good first step in designing or remodeling your landscape. Learn more about assessing soil quality in this factsheet.
Hefner, M., Donaldson, S., and Skelly, J. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-17
collecting soil
How to Take a Soil Sample
Soil tests can help identify a number of key characteristics of a soil. Knowing these characteristics will help you determine suitable plant materials for your landscape, the right nutrients to add to your soil and the cultural practices you need to change to improve the productivity of your landscape and garden.
Hefner, M., Donaldson, S., and Skelly, J. 2009, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-13
soils
Nevada’s Soils – Worth the Toil
Often, gardeners focus on the plants in their landscape. However, successful plants rely on healthy soils to support them. This factsheet is about learning more about soil to help you develop a beautiful and productive garden or landscape.
Hefner, M., Skelly, J., and Donaldson, S. 2009, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno, FS-09-14
Impacts of Development on Waterways
Local officials interested in protecting area waters must go beyond standard flood and erosion control practices and address the issue of polluted runoff through a multilevel strategy of planning, site design and storm water best management practices.
Donaldson, S. and Hefner, M. 2004, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno
Ornamental Plant Damage by Eriophyid Mites and What to Do About It
This fact sheet discussed eriophyid mites - their identification, damage, biology and management
Graham, J. and Johnson, W. 2004, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, FS-04-47
Informational Publications
Principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
An outline of the principles and best practices of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Hefner, M. 2019, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. IP
Lay or Popular Publications
Pre-Emptive Pest Control Hefner, M. 2016, Reno Gazette-Journal
Special Publications
Nevada Pesticide Applicators Certification Workbook
Resource for professionals studying the application of pesticides.
Hefner, M., 2018, Extension | University of Nevada, Reno. SP
scottish thistle
Nevada Nuisance Weeds Field Guide
The plants listed in this field guide are nuisance weeds, those that are troublesome, but have not been listed by the state as noxious weeds.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. 2018, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension SP-18-02
Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
A Green Industry Professional’s Guide to Integrated Pest Management is designed to help green industry personnel understand IPM and to aid in implementing a pest control plan.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. 2017, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension SP-17-14
lady bug
A Homeowner's Guide to Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
The Guide is designed to help homeowners understand IPM and to aid in developing a pest control plan.
Kratsch, H. and Hefner, M. 2017, University of Nevada, Reno, Extension, SP-17-13
Videos
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: Manténte siempre Seguro/Segura al Realizar las Aplicaciones de Pesticidas
Hablemos de que debes hacer para poder mantenerte seguro o segura durante las aplicaciones de pesticidas. Hablaremos de cómo los pesticidas ingresan al cuerpo, los primeros auxilios al estar expuesto a los pesticidas, las diferencias entre el envenenamiento por causa de pesticidas y las enfermedades relacionadas con el
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, Extension, University of Nevada, Reno, YouTube Channel
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: Que Se Debe Hacer Cuando Hay Derrames de Pesticidas
En este video, hablaremos sobre los kits relacionados con los derrames y que se debe hacer al tratar con los derrames de pesticidas.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
spills
Pesticide Safety Training: Dealing with Pesticide Spills Video
This video discusses publication describes dealing with pesticide spills, what materials should be in a spill kit, how to dispose of spill materials and how to report a pesticide spill.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
box of pesticide
Pesticide Safety Training: Handling Pesticides Safely Video
This video discusses handling pesticides safely, which includes four areas of safety: properly storing pesticides, safely transporting pesticides, disposing of unused pesticides, and disposing of pesticide containers.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H. and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: Como Protegerte Mientras se Aplican los Pesticidas Video
El hecho de protegerte mientras se aplican los pesticidas es muy importante. Según la Agencia a cargo de la Protección Ambiental, un pesticida es cualquier sustancia o mezcla de sustancias destinadas a prevenir, destruir o repeler cualquier plaga.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
Entrenamiento en la Seguridad de Pesticidas: El Manejo Segura de Pesticidas Video
En este video, hablaremos sobre el manejo seguro de pesticidas, que incluye cuatro áreas relacionadas con la seguridad: el almacenamiento adecuado de pesticidas, el transporte seguro de pesticidas, la eliminación de pesticidas que no se han utilizado y la eliminación de los contenedores que se usan para los pesticidas
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
spills
Pesticide Safety Training: Keeping Yourself Safe during Pesticide Applications Video
This video discusses how pesticides enter the body, first aid for pesticide exposure, the differences between pesticide poisoning and heat-related illness, and preventing heat-related illnesses.
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel
what to wear
Pesticide Safety Training: Protecting Yourself While Applying Pesticides – Using Personal Protective Equipment Video
Protecting yourself while applying pesticides is important. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, a pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, destroy or repel any pest. Simply put, pesticides are substances intended to kill pests!
Hefner, M., Kratsch, H., and Harrison, D. 2020, University of Nevada, Extension, YouTube Channel